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Wednesday, February 4, 2009

Rapid ECG Interpretation Third Edition



1. Basic Concepts

  • Electrical Activity of the Heart
  • Electrocardiogram
  • How Are the Waves of the Electrocardiogram Produced?
  • Why Use 12 Leads to Record the
  • Electrocardiogram? Leads and Electrodes
  • Genesis of the QRS Complex
  • Vector Forces
  • QRS Normal Variants and Abnormalities

2. Step-by-Step Method for Accurate Electrocardiogram Interpretation

  • The Normal Electrocardiogram
  • Assess Rhythm and Rate
  • Assess Intervals and Blocks
  • Assess for Nonspecific
  • Intraventricular Conduction Delay and Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
  • Assess for ST Segment Elevation or Depression
  • Assess for Pathologic Q Waves (That is, Loss of R Waves)
  • Assess P Waves
  • Assess for Left and Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
  • Assess T Waves
  • Assess Electrical Axis
  • Assess for Miscellaneous Conditions
  • Assess Arrhythmias
  • Electrocardiogram Technique

3. P Wave Abnormalities

  • Features of the Normal P Wave
  • Features of Abnormal P Waves

4. Bundle Branch Block

  • Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB)
  • Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB)

5. ST Segment Abnormalities

  • Why Emphasize the St Segment?
  • ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
  • Non–ST Segment Elevation MI
  • Ischemia
  • Nonspecific ST Change

6. Q Wave Abnormalities

  • Criteria for Normal and Abnormal Q Waves
  • Q Wave Myocardial Infarction
  • Mimics of Q Wave Myocardial Infarction
  • Left Bundle Branch Block and Infarction
  • Right Bundle Branch Block and Infarction
  • Low-Voltage QRS

7. Atrial and Ventricular Hypertrophy

  • Atrial Hypertrophy
  • Ventricular Hypertrophy

8. T Wave Abnormalities

  • Normal Direction of T Wave
  • Abnormalities of T Wave
  • U Waves
9. Electrical Axis and Fascicular Block
  • Electrical Axis
  • Fascicular Block

10. Miscellaneous Conditions

  • Atrial Septal Defect
  • Pericarditis
  • Long Qt Interval
  • Hypokalemia
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Digitalis
  • Dextrocardia: True Dextrocardia (with Situs Inversus)
  • Electrical Alternans
  • Electronic Pacing
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Hypothermia
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hypocalcemia

11. Arrhythmias
  • Atrial Premature Beats
  • Junctional or Nodal Premature Beats
  • Ventricular Premature Beats
  • Bradyarrhythmias
  • Narrow QRS Tachycardias
  • Wide QRS Tachycardia
  • Regular Wide QRS Tachycardia

12. ECG Board Self-Assessment Quiz
  • ECG Board Self-Assessment Quiz
  • Answers to ECG Board Self-Assessment Quiz
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